Many shellfish operators have traditionally operated
in a responsible and sustainable fashion in the coastal communities of
- Responsible operators manage their operations in order to eliminate
debris at the source and remove debris from their tenure and adjacent
areas on an on-going basis. For example, they stabilize styrofoam under
rafts with plastic wraps or use other techniques such as drums for buoyancy.
They also remove all their industrial material and waste from sites
that they cease to lease for whatever reason.
- Responsible operators ensure that rafts and equipment are non-toxic
(including treated wood), disposed of properly, and are durable in marine
environments (Deal 2005:25), and they avoid raising shellfish in areas
- Responsible operators minimize their impact on the environment and
neighbors by limiting the number of rafts or longlines in any one operation
or the size of beach leases, and monitoring the total impact on their
immediate environments. (Deal 2005:25)
- Responsible operators do not place their operations in front of residential
- Responsible operators do not interfere with free navigation in the
waterways they occupy or make the coastline inaccessible or inhospitable
to recreational boaters, swimmers, or pedestrians. (Deal 2005:25)
- Responsible operators do not use machinery, large-scale structures
or cranes in residential or recreational areas.
- Responsible operators do not remove public shellfish harvesting areas
from public use or place their operations directly in front of residential
- Responsible operators do not locate operations so as to conflict with
eco-tourism or pre-existing local area business that rely on coastal
- Responsible operators support community plans, obey regional bylaws,
adhere to federal and provincial laws and conditions of leases, and
operate in accordance with community values.
- Responsible operators do not damage to beach environment and organisms
by driving vehicles on beaches, or by using heavy equipment for harvesting
or seeding techniques, or near bottom structures. (following guidelines
established by the Suzuki Foundaiton--Deal 2005:22,26-7).
- Responsible operators do not use underwater anti-competitor nets
around suspended strings, a HADD (Harmfull Alteration, Disruption or
Destruction of fish habitat) under the Fisheries Act--Deal 2005:25).
- Responsible operators do not introduce exotic species that have potentials
to become invasive or to drive local species to extinction.
- Responsible operators respect bird life and use as little anti-competitor
netting as possible --see specific Suzuki recommendations (Deal 2005:30).
They also reduce operations during migration periods in locations related
to migratory bird activities (Deal 2005:28).
- Responsible operators avoid impacting sensitive marine ecozones, habitats
and their vicinities, especially those with eelgrass, known salmon runs,
and in tact populations of native fauna.
- Responsible operators avoid using any fencing on beaches.
There is no Code of Practice in place to prevent the disenfranchisement
of small-scale coastal users within the province's populace, including
small shellfish operators, existing residential communities, recreational
users, eco-tourism and other coastal businesses, and visitors to B.C.
Deal, Heather. 2005. Sustainable Shellfish. David Suzuki Foundation: Vancouver.